Transforming Data into Information. Data is just a collection of facts. However, these facts can provide important information after processing, analysis and synthesis processes. In computerized systems the data storage process, processing, analysis, synthesis and information display processes can be done by computers.
Examples of data
handicraft product data sets, company transaction notes, and so on. After that the data will be processed into information. Examples of information are: The student’s average score for a particular subject (obtained from the sum of all the value data for a course divided by the number of students). Another example is: company income statement (obtained from analysis of company transaction notes).
The quality of information depends on 3 (three) things, namely:
1. Accurate (accurate)
Information must be error-free and must not be misleading. Accurate also means that information must clearly reflect the intent.
2. Be on time (timelines)
Information that reaches the recipient should not be delayed. Information that is outdated will have less value. Because information is the basis for making a decision.
3. Relevant (relevance)
This information has benefits for its users. The relevance of information for each person, one and another must be different.
Also Read: Basic Concept of Information System
Understanding Information Systems
Firstly an information system is a technology system within an organization that brings together the needs of daily transaction processing that supports the managerial operation of the organization with the strategic activities of an organization to be able to provide certain outsiders with the necessary reports (Tata Sutabri, 2004).
The benefits of having an information system in an agency are:
1. Presenting information to support decision making.
2. Presenting information to support daily operations.
3. Presenting information relating to management.
Lastly some of the components of an information system can be classified as:
1. Hardware (hardware) and software (software) that function as machines.
2. Humans (people) and procedures (procedures) which are human and procedures for using machines.
3. Data is a bridge between humans and machines so that a data processing process occurs.