Important Tech Innovations of Petrol Drilling. Drilling for petroleum has been carry out by humans for more than a century and a half. Started by Edwin Drake in 1859 who dug the first oil well in Titusville, Pennsylvania, United States. Since then, petroleum has been process into kerosene which is use for lighting needs.
The rapid advancement of the automobile industry since the early 20th century has encouraged the oil mining industry to also increase. Worldwide production of crude oil around 1990 was 150 million barrels, increasing rapidly to one million barrels in 1925.
The increase in oil production in the world is also supported by innovations in oil drilling technology. One of the oldest and most widely used technology at that time was Rotary Drill, which first introduced in 1880. This technology uses a large rotating drill to dig into the ground.
Rotary Drills are just the beginning of various oil drilling technology innovations that have subsequently created in the 20th century. These innovations increase efficiency in the petroleum production process.
Here are other modern petroleum drilling technologies:
Before offshore drilling discovered, oil drilling had carried out on the seashore since 1880. This technology then developed to able to carry out offshore drilling for the first time in 1947.
Since then this technology has continued to develop, until furthermore adapting the use of remote robotic vehicles for diving needs. This robot technology is an advantage in itself because diving on the seabed is very dangerous if done by humans.
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Hydraulic fracturing technology or commonly known as fracking, succeeded in disrupting the petroleum industry by making prices drop dramatically in the mid-2010s. However, it turns out that this technology actually begin to develop in the 1940’s.
This fracking technology makes it possible to more effectively extract petroleum reserves in oil wells that separated by narrow rock structures. The rock structure has a narrow gap which; if sucked directly using old technology, will not get a fast flow of petroleum.
Hydraulic fracturing uses a mixture of water with a certain chemical liquid to injected with certain pressure into rock structures that trap petroleum reserves, so that fractures are formed that are hundreds of meters larger. To prevent this fraction from returning to original position, a liquid propane is use; which is a mixture of a special fluid, sand, and pellets. With this, trapped petroleum will easily pumped to the surface.